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Order Metformin (Generic Glucophage)

Brand Name Glucophage
Generic Name Metformin
Category Diabetes
Medication 500 mg

Information to have about Metformin (Generic Equivalent to Glucophage) ..

What is Metformin (Generic Glucophage) and what are its uses?
How does Metformin (Generic Glucophage) Works (Mechanism) ?
Dosage: How should you take Metformin (Generic Glucophage) ?
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Metformin (Generic Glucophage).
Metformin (Generic Glucophage) Warnings and Precautions.
Metformin (Generic Glucophage) Side effects.

Order Metformin - Generic Equivalent to Glucophage
Category : Diabetes
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What is Metformin (Generic Glucophage) and what are its uses?

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is a medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment is combined with a balanced diet and exercise. 

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) lowers blood sugar and helps your body to use insulin more efficiently. Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is sometimes used with other medicines for diabetes.

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How does Metformin (Generic Glucophage) Works (Mechanism) ?

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) contains the active ingredient metformin hydrochloride, which is a type of medicine used to help control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.

People with type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes) have a deficiency of a hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and is the main hormone responsible for controlling sugar levels in the blood. Metformin (Generic Glucophage) normally makes the cells of the body remove excess sugar from the blood. In type 2 diabetes the cells of the body are also resistant to the action of insulin that is produced, which means that blood sugar levels can become too high.

Firstly, Metformin (Generic Glucophage) reduces the amount of sugar produced by cells in the liver. Secondly, Metformin (Generic Glucophage) increases the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin. This enables the cells to remove sugar from the blood more effectively. Finally, it also delays absorption of sugar from the intestines into the bloodstream after eating. Overall, Metformin (Generic Glucophage) reduces blood sugar levels both between and directly after meals.

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is used as a first line treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in overweight people, when diet and exercise have failed to control blood sugar levels. Metformin (Generic Glucophage) can also be used in combination with other antidiabetic medicines to provide better control of blood sugar. 

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Dosage: How should you take Metformin (Generic Glucophage) ?

Take Metformin (Generic Glucophage) tablets orally, with meals.

Swallow the tablets with a drink of water. Take your Metformin (Generic Glucophage) doses at regular intervals. Do not take Metformin (Generic Glucophage) more often than directed.

Adults
Metformin (Generic Glucophage)
The usual starting dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is one 500-milligram tablet twice a day, taken with morning and evening meals. Your doctor may increase your daily dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) by 500 milligrams at weekly intervals, based on your response up to a total of 2,000 milligrams.

An alternative starting dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is one 850-milligram tablet a day, taken with the morning meal. Your doctor may increase this by 850 milligrams at 14-day intervals, to a maximum of 2,550 milligrams a day.

The usual maintenance dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) ranges from 1,500 to 2,550 milligrams daily. If you take more than 2,000 milligrams a day, your doctor may recommend that the medication be divided into three doses of Metformin (Generic Glucophage), taken with each meal.

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR
The usual starting dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR is one 500-milligram tablet once daily with the evening meal. Your doctor may increase your dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR by 500 milligrams at weekly intervals, up to a maximum dosage of 2,000 milligrams a day. If a single 2,000-milligram dose fails to control your blood sugar, you may be asked to take 1,000-milligram doses twice a day. If you need more than 2,000 milligrams a day, the doctor will switch you to regular Metformin (Generic Glucophage).

Children
Metformin (Generic Glucophage)
For children 10 to 16 years old, the usual starting dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR is one 500-milligram tablet twice a day with meals. The Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR dosage may be increased by 500 milligrams at weekly intervals up to a maximum of 2,000 milligrams daily. Metformin (Generic Glucophage) has not been tested in children younger than 10.

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR
Metformin (Generic Glucophage) XR has not been tested in children younger than 17.

Older Adults
Older people and those who are malnourished or in a weakened state are generally given lower doses of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) because their kidneys may be weaker, making side effects more likely. Have you skipped your Metformin (Generic Glucophage) dose?
If you miss a dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage), take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage), take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses of Metformin (Generic Glucophage).

If you take too much of Metformin (Generic Glucophage)?
Incase of an overdose with Metformin (Generic Glucophage) seek medical emergency immediately.

An overdose of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is likely to cause lactic acidosis.

Where should you store Metformin (Generic Glucophage)?
Store Metformin (Generic Glucophage) out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Store Metformin (Generic Glucophage) at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Protect from moisture and light. Throw away any unused amount of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) after the expiration date.

Available strengths of Metformin (Generic Glucophage)
Metformin (Generic Glucophage) tablets are available in the strengths of 500 mg, 850 mg, XL 500 mg, XR 1000 mg.

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Possible food and drug interactions when taking Metformin (Generic Glucophage).

The following drugs may interact with Metformin (Generic Glucophage). They may increase or decrease the activity of Metformin (Generic Glucophage).

  • alcohol
  • cephalexin
  • cimetidine
  • digoxin
  • dofetilide
  • entecavir
  • morphine
  • nifedipine
  • procainamide
  • propantheline
  • quinidine
  • quinine
  • ranitidine
  • trimethoprim
  • trospium
  • vancomycin
  • water pills (diuretics like amiloride, furosemide, triamterene)

Many medications may cause changes (increase or decrease) in blood sugar, these include:

  • alcohol containing beverages
  • aspirin and aspirin-like drugs
  • beta-blockers, often used for high blood pressure or heart problems (examples include atenolol, metoprolol, propranolol)
  • chromium
  • female hormones, such as estrogens, progestins, or contraceptive pills
  • isoniazid
  • male hormones or anabolic steroids
  • medications for weight loss
  • medicines for allergies, asthma, cold, or cough
  • niacin
  • pentamidine
  • phenytoin
  • some herbal dietary supplements
  • steroid medicines such as prednisone or cortisone
  • thyroid hormones
  • water pills (diuretics)

Inform your health care professional about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way Metformin (Generic Glucophage) works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines. 

Who should not take Metformin (Generic Glucophage)?
Metformin (Generic Glucophage) should not be used if you suffer from severe infections or trauma, reduced blood flow to vital internal organs (shock).

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) should not be used by people who have recently had a heart attack and by those who suffer from diabetic keto-acidosis.

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) should not be used if you suffer from heart or kidney failure.

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is unlikely to harm an unborn baby. Generally, insulin is the drug of choice for controlling diabetes during pregnancy. Do not take Metformin (Generic Glucophage) without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. 

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) passes into breast milk and may affect a nursing baby. Do not take Metformin (Generic Glucophage) without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. 

Metformin (Generic Glucophage) should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.

If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using Metformin (Generic Glucophage) and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

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Metformin (Generic Glucophage) Warnings and Precautions.

Inform your health care professional for regular checks on your progress. Your prescriber will check your blood sugar, kidney function, and other tests from time to time.

Learn how to monitor your blood sugar. Learn what to do if you have high or low blood sugar. Do not skip meals. If you are exercising much more than usual you may need extra snacks to avoid side effects caused by low blood sugar. Do not change Metformin (Generic Glucophage) dose without talking to your prescriber.

If you have mild symptoms of low blood sugar, eat or drink something containing sugar at once and contact your health care professional. It is wise to check your blood sugar to confirm that it is low. It is important to recognize your own symptoms of low blood sugar so that you can treat them quickly. Make sure family members know that you can choke if you eat or drink when you develop serious symptoms of low blood sugar, such as seizures or unconsciousness. They must get medical help at once.

If you develop a severe diarrhea or vomiting, or are unable to maintain proper fluid intake, you should contact your prescriber. "Sick-days" may require adjustments to your dosage or your illness may need to be evaluated. Ask your prescriber what you should do if you become ill.

If you are going to have surgery or will need an x-ray procedure that uses contrast agents, tell your prescriber or health care professional that you are taking Metformin (Generic Glucophage).

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Metformin (Generic Glucophage) Side effects.

Side effects of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) that you should report to your health care professional as soon as possible:

  • breathing difficulties or shortness of breath
  • dizziness
  • muscle aches or pains
  • passing out or fainting
  • severe vomiting or diarrhea
  • slow or irregular heartbeat
  • unusual stomach pain or discomfort
  • unusual weakness, fatigue or discomfort

In combination with other diabetic medications, (like acarbose, glyburide, glipizide, miglitol, or insulin), metformin may cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Contact your health care professional if you experience symptoms of low blood sugar, which may include: anxiety or nervousness, confusion, difficulty concentrating, hunger, pale skin, nausea, fatigue, sweating, headache, palpitations, numbness of the mouth, tingling in the fingers, tremors, muscle weakness, blurred vision, cold sensations, uncontrolled yawning, irritability, rapid heartbeat, shallow breathing, and loss of consciousness

Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include:

  • dizziness, dry mouth, flushed dry-skin, fruit-like breath odor, loss of appetite, nausea, stomach ache, unusual thirst, frequent passing of urine

Side effects of Metformin (Generic Glucophage) that usually do should be reported to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome:

  • decreased appetite
  • gas
  • heartburn
  • metallic taste in the mouth
  • mild stomachache
  • nausea
  • weight loss
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